What Temp Do You Cook Chicken on a Pellet Grill?

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Chicken is a versatile and delicious protein that can be cooked in various ways, but cooking it on a pellet grill takes the flavor to a whole new level. The unique properties of a pellet grill, such as superior heat conduction and consistent temperature control, make it an ideal choice for grilling this popular meat. In this article, we’ll discuss why using a pellet grill for chicken is beneficial, understand how these grills work, and share essential tips for selecting the perfect cut of chicken. We will also explore various cooking techniques, such as brining, marinating, and seasoning, to achieve juicy, flavorful results every time.

Why Cooking Chicken on a Pellet Grill is Superior

Cooking chicken on a pellet grill offers several advantages over other methods. The pellet grill’s versatility and ability to maintain consistent temperatures enable better flavor infusion and even cooking. Moreover, the wood-fired pellets produce a rich, smoky flavor that enhances the taste of the chicken, making it a crowd-pleaser at any BBQ. Furthermore, pellet grills provide a more convenient, hands-off approach compared to traditional grills, allowing you to save time and energy while still achieving delicious results.

Understanding Pellet Grills

Before diving into how to cook chicken on a pellet grill, it’s essential to understand what they are and what sets them apart from other types of grills. Pellet grills use small, cylindrical hardwood pellets made from compressed sawdust to fuel the heat. These pellets are fed into a hopper and then an auger pushes them into the firepot, where they ignite, creating heat and smoke. Because of this unique convection process, pellet grills can maintain consistent temperatures and effortlessly switch between low and high heat cooking methods.

How Pellet Grills Work

Pellet grills function by burning hardwood pellets as fuel, which in turn produce heat and smoke, cooking your chicken to perfection. An auger feeds pellets into the firebox, ensuring consistent heat and smoke levels. You can easily control the temperature of your pellet grill by adjusting the auger speed, allowing you to regulate the cooking environment to suit your specific chicken cut and desired taste, creating the best result possible. Cooking chicken on a pellet grill is both convenient and controlled, ensuring a tender and juicy outcome.

Benefit of Using Pellet Grills

One of the main benefits of using a pellet grill is the even heat distribution and precise temperature control, which allows you to achieve the desired doneness without drying out the meat. Additionally, pellet grills offer a unique wood-fired flavor, bringing a delicious, smokey taste to your chicken. By using a pellet grill, you are also reducing the risk of flare-ups, ensuring that your chicken is cooked evenly and remains moist throughout.

Read also: Are Pellet Grills Healthier than Charcoal?

Selecting the Right Chicken Cut

To ensure the best results, it’s important to choose the right cut of chicken for your pellet grill. Different cuts of chicken have varying levels of fat and thickness, which can affect both the cooking time and overall taste. Popular options include thighs, drumsticks, breasts, and wings. Assess your preferences and consider the occasions you’ll be grilling for; perhaps you prefer tender and juicy thighs or drumsticks for a large gathering or lean and healthy breasts and wings for a family dinner. Each cut will deliver a distinct taste and texture when cooked on a pellet grill.

Thighs and Drumsticks

When cooking thighs and drumsticks on a pellet grill, the suggested temperature range is 250-350°F (121-177°C). These cuts have a higher fat content and benefit from slow, steady cook, allowing the fat to render down and the meat to become tender and juicy. You can expect a cooking time of approximately 45 minutes to one hour, depending on your desired level of doneness.

Breast and Wings

For chicken breasts and wings, cooking on a pellet grill involves similar steps as with thighs and drumsticks. However, they tend to cook faster and are more prone to drying out. This means you need to be more vigilant to avoid overcooking. Using a digital meat thermometer to frequently check the internal temperature is your best bet to avoid drying out these poultry parts.

Prepping the Chicken

To achieve the perfect flavor and texture, it is essential to prep your chicken before grilling. First, ensure that the piece of meat is clean and trimmed of any excess fat. You can also carefully separate the skin from the meat, creating a small pocket for seasonings to permeate throughout. If you prefer crispy skin, pat the chicken pieces dry with a paper towel before applying your choice of seasoning, rubbing, or marinade. This extra effort during preparation will lead to excellent results and delicious, juicy grilled chicken.

Brining and Marinating

To enhance the flavor and juiciness of your chicken, consider brining or marinating it before cooking. Brining is a process in which the chicken is soaked in a saltwater solution, usually for a few hours, to retain moisture during cooking. Alternatively, marinating involves soaking the chicken in a flavorful liquid, typically consisting of oil, vinegar, and various herbs and spices. Both methods allow the chicken to absorb flavors and ensure a mouthwatering result when cooked on your pellet grill.

Seasoning and Rubs

Before placing the chicken on the grill, don’t forget the importance of seasoning and rubs. They not only enhance the flavor but also help create a beautiful crust on the chicken. You can choose a pre-made seasoning mix or create your own custom blend. Combine dry spices like paprika, garlic powder, salt, and pepper, along with some olive oil or mustard to help adhere the seasoning to the chicken. Generously apply the rub to the chicken, ensuring even coverage, and let it sit for a few minutes to absorb the delicious flavors.

Woman measuring temperature of whole roasted turkey with meat thermometer

Cooking Temperature and Time

When cooking chicken on a pellet grill, it’s important to maintain the correct temperature and be mindful of cooking times to achieve an evenly cooked, juicy, and flavorful result. Typical cooking temperatures for chicken range from 350°F to 375°F, depending on your chosen method (low and slow, or hot and fast). As for cooking time, it can vary based on the cut and size of the chicken; generally, thighs and drumsticks take approximately an hour, while breasts and wings can take between 25 to 45 minutes. Keep a watchful eye on your bird and monitor its internal temperature to ensure perfect results every time.

Low and Slow Method

The low and slow method of cooking is perfect for imparting a smoky flavor while keeping the chicken moist and tender. To cook using this technique, set your pellet grill to a lower temperature, around 225°F (107°C). This will allow the chicken to cook evenly while absorbing those flavorful wood-fired aromas. Expect the cooking time to range from two to four hours, depending on the thickness and size of the chicken pieces. Be patient with this approach, as the result will be a delicious, mouth-watering chicken meal.

Hot and Fast Method

If you’re short on time and want to cook your chicken quickly, you can opt for the hot and fast method on your pellet grill. With this method, you’ll set your grill’s temperature to a higher range, around 350°F to 450°F. Using the hot and fast method typically results in crispier skin and a slightly charred exterior, which can be a great choice if you enjoy those flavors. Keep in mind that this method might require closer monitoring to avoid overcooking or undercooking your chicken.

Monitoring the Chicken’s Internal Temperature

To ensure perfectly cooked chicken, it’s crucial to monitor the internal temperature during the cooking process. Aim for an internal temperature of 165°F (74°C) to guarantee the meat is fully cooked and safe to eat. Since pellet grills evenly distribute heat, maintaining a consistent temperature shouldn’t be a problem. However, using a digital meat thermometer can provide an accurate reading and help you determine when the chicken is ready to be taken off the grill.

Using a Digital Meat Thermometer

Using a digital meat thermometer is essential for ensuring your chicken is cooked to perfection. Insert the probe into the thickest part of the meat without touching any bone, and monitor the temperature throughout the cooking process. When the internal temperature reaches 165°F (74°C), your chicken is fully cooked and safe to consume. A quality thermometer helps eliminate guesswork and prevents you from overcooking or undercooking, ensuring juicy and tender results every time you cook chicken on your pellet grill.

Additional Tips for Perfect Pellet Grill Chicken

For that extra tender and juicy pellet grill chicken, keep these additional tips in mind. First, always preheat your pellet grill before placing the chicken on it – this helps to sear the meat and lock in those delicious flavors. Second, if you are short on time, try butterflying the chicken: it will cook more evenly and faster. Finally, don’t forget to experiment! Try new seasoning combinations, different types of pellets, and adjust cooking times to find the perfect method for your personal taste preferences. Remember, practice makes perfect, and soon enough you’ll be a pellet grill chicken master.

Managing Heat Zones

To achieve the perfect chicken on your pellet grill, it’s essential to manage heat zones effectively. Set up your grill with both direct and indirect heat zones, allowing you to sear the outside of the chicken for a crispy finish before moving it to the indirect zone to cook evenly without drying out. This method ensures juicy, tender chicken with a deliciously smoky and charred exterior.

Resting the Chicken

After you’ve taken your perfectly cooked chicken off the pellet grill, it’s important to let it rest for a few minutes before digging in. Resting allows the juices within the chicken to redistribute, ensuring every bite is tender and moist. For thighs and drumsticks, resting for about five minutes should suffice. For larger cuts like breasts, wings, or a whole chicken, 10-15 minutes of rest time is recommended.


In conclusion, cooking chicken on a pellet grill yields delicious, juicy, and tender results. The versatility of pellet grills, combined with the right chicken cut, prep, and temperature, makes for a delightful meal that your family and friends will love. Remember to choose the low and slow or hot and fast method based on your preference, monitor the internal temperature with a digital meat thermometer, and let the chicken rest for juicy, bursting flavors. Now that you have this knowledge in hand, it’s time to fire up the pellet grill and create some mouthwatering, perfectly cooked chicken dishes!

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